What Is Cancer?
Cancer is in fact a group of numerous associated diseases that all pertain to cells. Cells are the really small units that comprise all living things, including the human body. There are billions of cells in each individual's body.
Cancer takes place when cells that are not normal grow and spread extremely quickly. Normal body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. With time, they likewise die. Unlike these typical cells, cancer cells simply continue to grow and divide out of control and do not die when they're supposed to.
Cancer cells generally group or clump together to form growths (say: TOO-mers). A growing tumor ends up being a swelling of cancer cells that can destroy the typical cells around the growth and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make somebody very sick.
In some cases cancer cells break away from the initial growth and travel to other areas of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form new growths. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a growth to a new place in the body is called metastasis (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Reasons for Cancer
You most likely know a kid who had chickenpox-- perhaps even you. However you most likely do not know any kids who've had cancer. If you packed a big football arena with kids, probably only one child because arena would have cancer.
Doctors aren't sure why some people get cancer and others don't. They do understand that cancer is not infectious. You can't capture it from another person who has it-- cancer isn't caused by germs, like colds or the influenza are. So do not hesitate of other kids-- or anyone else-- with cancer. You can speak with, have fun with, and hug somebody with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids believe that a bump on the head causes brain cancer or that bad people get cancer. This isn't true! Kids do not do anything incorrect to get cancer. However some unhealthy habits, especially cigarette smoking or drinking excessive alcohol every day, can make you a lot most likely to get cancer when you end up being an adult.
It can take a while for a physician to determine a kid has cancer. That's due to the fact that the signs cancer can trigger-- weight loss, fevers, swollen glands, or feeling excessively exhausted or ill for a while-- generally are not caused by cancer. When a kid has these problems, it's often brought on by something less major, like an infection. With medical screening, the medical professional can find out what's causing the trouble.
If the doctor thinks cancer, she or he can do tests to find out if that's the issue. A medical professional might order X-rays and blood tests and recommend the person go to see an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a physician who looks after and deals with cancer clients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to discover if somebody really has cancer. If so, tests can determine what kind of cancer it is and if it has infected other parts of the body. Based upon the outcomes, the medical professional will choose the finest method to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a cosmetic surgeon) may perform is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). During a biopsy, a piece of tissue is removed from a tumor or a place in the body where cancer is thought, like the bone marrow. More help Do not fret-- somebody getting this test will get unique medication to keep him or her comfy throughout the biopsy. The sample that's gathered will be taken a look at under a microscope for cancer cells.
The sooner cancer is found and treatment begins, the better someone's chances are for a full recovery and remedy.
Dealing With Cancer Thoroughly
Cancer is treated with surgical treatment, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or in some cases a mix of these treatments. The option of treatment depends upon:
Surgical treatment is the earliest kind of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 individuals with cancer will have an operation to eliminate it. Throughout surgical treatment, the medical professional attempts to secure as lots of cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue might likewise be gotten rid of to make certain that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is the use of anti-cancer medicines (drugs) to treat cancer. These medications are sometimes taken as a tablet, however usually are given through a special intravenous (say: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, likewise called an IV. An IV is a small plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is taken into a vein through somebody's skin, generally on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medication. The medication streams from the bag into a vein, which puts the medication into the blood, where it can take a trip throughout the body and attack cancer cells.